There are approximately 258 million tons of waste being produced in the United States alone. Weekly, we give our trash to the municipal or city garbage collector and sometimes hire private professional services like dumpster rental San Francisco on occasions like renovations, remodeling, or any house improvement that involves producing wastes. We care less about the trash after they are taken away from us by these companies, and the reality is that those waste have a long way to go after our disposal.
In this article, you will know where our waste goes to and how they are being completely disposed of.
Where does the garbage go before the landfill?
After the dumpsters have collected the garbage, they are put into the transfer stations to provide them a temporary. This is where the garbage trucks drop off the waste they collected from commercial and residential areas. All the trash is compacted and prepared for another transfer. After, they are transferred into the larger trucks.
The garbage is not put directly into the landfill. It needs to be sorted out first to identify materials that are still good to recycle through the Material Recovery Facilities or MRFs. There are two kinds of MRFs. The first is the clean MRFs where it receives the recyclable materials that were already sorted by the houses or businessmen. The dirty MRFs accept recyclable materials that are mixed with the other trash, and this needs manual laboring. Some companies use technology such as shredders, magnets, and current separators.
Where do they go after?
After the process, the garbage will heap up in one of the four final destinations: landfills, recycling facilities, and composters, trash incinerators, or anaerobic digesters.
Recycling Facilities and Composters
It is reported that 35 percent of the garbage collected is put on this area. Here, the garbage is recycled to make or produce another product such as plastics, glass, papers, and aluminum, while the organic materials are composted
Garbage in the landfills
The United States is said to have more than 3,000 landfills and half of all the garbage collected from both the commercial and residential areas is put in here. The garbage in the landfill is not processed anymore. The area provides the storage of this garbage. They consist of layers with clay and a plastic skin cover, and there are pipes and drains to collect the fluid in the garbage. Landfills are used to decompose the garbage collected in a natural way.
This provides an avenue for garbage to be converted as reusable energy that involves a biological process that converts the garbage into fertilizer or energy. The garbage collected here usually comes from restaurants, food waste from residential houses, farms, etc.
The wastewater is also being reused by using it for the local power grid and in sewage.
They are made to burn the solid waste to ash. This reduces the amount of garbage by 95 percent to reduce the amount of landfills areas.